Monitoring Framework

MUFPP monitoring framework pilot cities

Click here to download the FAO, MUFPP Secretariat and RUAF MUFPP Monitoring Framework publication. 

The Milan Urban Food Policy Pact has built a monitoring framework process to assess the progress made by cities in achieving more sustainable food systems, and therefore in the implementation of the Pact.

Although the non-binding nature of the agreement, many MUFPP cities have in fact requested to identify MUFPP measurable indicators and targets to monitor their progress.  Following this request, the Municipality of Milan and FAO  joined  forces to work on a monitoring framework  in line with cities’ capabilities and administrative obligations.

In early 2016 FAO, in consultation with the MUFPP Secretariat, started developing the monitoring framework which reflects the six categories of the Milan Pact Framework of Action. Two surveys were sent to signatory cities of the Pact to assess cities’ priorities and data availability:  the results were discussed in October 2016 at the 2nd MUFFP Annual Gathering.

A first set of indicators  was presented on 19 October 2017 at the 3rd MUFPP Annual Gathering in Valencia and further discussed with signatory cities and cities’ networks.

In November 2017 a refined list of 42 quantitative and qualitative indicators was released by the FAO team of experts, with the technical support of RUAF. A methodological guide to help cities and partners in collecting and analysing the right data for each indicator was developed. For each indicator the guide contains information such as explanation on types of data required, level of data aggregation, definition of samples and examples of how some cities have already implemented the indicator.  The guide also highlights the connections with the Sustainable development goals and targets (SDGs).

The first draft of the methodological guide was presented and discussed with cities in the early months of 2018.

A group of 13 cities (Antananarivo; Austin; Copenhagen; Funchal; Ghent; Milan; Quito; Sao Paulo; Tirana; Toronto; Washington; West Sacramento; Windhoek) actively contributed to finalize the indicators and the methodological guide of the Monitoring Framework.

In 2019, the MUFPP Secretariat liaised between signatory cities and international organizations to facilitate the mainstreaming of the Monitoring Framework. FAO, with the technical support of RUAF, engaged with the cities of Antananarivo (Madagascar), Quito (Ecuador) and Nairobi (Kenya) in a pilot project to start working with the Monitoring Framework locally and to share their learning with other cities. Each city selected several indicators that relate to key strategic priorities. Each city explored ways to identify relevant data, methods of collection and analysis to make best use of data findings. The pilot project is a ‘springboard’ for developing further work priorities. The results of the piloting were presented in 2019 at the 5th MUFPP Annual Gathering of the MUFPP in Montpellier, France.

Components of the MUFPP monitoring framework

  • Areas of recommended actions: The MUFFP Framework for Action identified 6 areas work streams: (1) governance, (2) sustainable diets and nutrition, (3) social and economic equity, (4) food production, (5) food supply and distribution and (6) food waste. For each of these areas one or more overarching impacts or outcome areas were identified through consultations.
  • Outcome/Impact areas or “desired direction of travel” are the types of changes that cities want to see in the future: i.e. changes that characterize a more resilient and sustainable food system. The impacts were defined in the MUFFP consultation process over the past years and will not be achieved quickly. Impacts are ultimate benefits that cities aim to obtain through their actions or development programmes. They may be measured on the level of a specific project or programme, although in most cases impacts cannot be attributed to a specific strategy or action, as many other factors play a role in achieving the listed benefits (e.g. improvement in food security status of specific population groups may be the result from targeted interventions, but will also be influenced by changes in food prices or increase in income that cannot be contributed to the interventions; in other words it will be often hard to isolate impacts from general trends).
  • Performance indicators provide information about the way a process is functioning (e.g. the implementation of different areas of action) and provide a basis for further improvements. The purpose of the indicators is to help measure the extent to which the desired changes are actually happening or to which extent outcomes are achieved. They thus also act as pointers to changes needed in strategies or interventions direction specially when monitored or tracked over a period of time. Indicators can also be used to establish a baseline from which to measure on-going progress/change over time.

Additional materials

Presentation of the MUFPP Monitoring Framework at 3rd MUFPP Annual Gathering in Valencia (19-21 october 2017).

Presentation of the MUFPP Monitoring Framework 44 Indicators at 4th MUFPP Annual Gathering in Tel Aviv (03-05 september 2018)

Presentation of the MUFPP Monitoring Framework in Montpellier, 2019