More than 50 percent of the world’s population currently lives in urban areas – a proportion that is projected to increase to almost 70 percent by 2050 – and ensuring the right to food for all citizens, especially the urban poor, is key to promoting sustainable and equitable development.

In 2014, the city of Milan was preparing to host the Expo 2015 dedicated to the theme “Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life”: a moment of great visibility and extraordinary political opportunity for working to build more resilient urban food systems. Therefore, the Mayor of Milan decided to launch an international protocol aimed at tackling food-related issues at the urban level, to be adopted by as many world cities as possible.

The Milan Urban Food Policy Pact (MUFPP) was announced in February 2014 at the C40 Summit in Johannesburg, where the Mayor of Milan launched the proposal for a Pact to be signed during the forthcoming Expo 2015. The activities started in September, when Milan and over 40 cities from every continent began to exchange views to define the contents of the Pact through video-conferences. The results were discussed in February 2015 during a meeting in London, where the possibility to include standards and indicators in the protocol have also been debated.

The MUFPP development process enjoyed the guidance of an Advisory Group formed by many leading international organizations contributing to a more sustainable, equitable and healthier future for the planet. Moreover, to  better coordinate the drafting of the Pact, the city of Milan put together a Technical Team: a panel of prominent international experts with a strong track record in dealing with food-related issues

The Milan Urban Food Policy Pact was signed on the 15 October 2015 in Milan by more than 100 cities and presented the day after to the UN secretary general Ban Ki-moon on the occasion of the World Food Day celebration. It represent one of the most important legacies of EXPO 2015.


  • European Commission
  • Committee of the Regions (EU)
  • Special Representative of the UN SG for Food Security and Nutrition
  • FAO – Food for Cities
  • WHO – Healthy Cities
  • Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Italian Ministry of Agriculture
  • Italian Parliament – Development Cooperation focus group
  • Milan Center For Food Law And Policy
  • Bioversity International
  • C40 – Cities Climate Leadership Group
  • Eurocities
  • Global Alliance for the Future of Food
  • Prince of Wales Charitable Foundation
  • Scientific Committee for Expo 2015 of the City of Milan
  • Slow Food


The Technical Team supporting the City of Milan Urban Food Policy Pact initiative was coordinated by International Partners for Sustainable Agriculture (IPSA – Practice2Policy LLC) and involved the organizations engaged in the City Region Food Systems  initiative(CRFS): the RUAF Foundation, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) through the Food for Cities Initiative, and the Housing and Land Rights Network of Habitat International Coalition (HIC).

The team was assembled in January 2015 to assist the City of Milan to help draft and incorporate feedback into the Milan Urban Food Policy Pact and Framework for Action. The team brought together decades of experience with both policy and good practices related to food and nutrition security and sustainable food systems in the context of urbanization.

Members of the team were Thomas Forster, Florence Egal and Arthur Getz Escudero (IPSA-P2P), Henk Renting and Marielle Dubbeling (RUAF), Makiko Taguchi, Guido Santini and Camelia Bacatariu (FAO), Emily Mattheisen (HIC) and Michela Carucci (University of London and internship Esta for the City of Milano).